Both bark & roots contain starch, lignin, gum, albumen,
tannic and gallic acids, astringent resin, a red coloring substance, a vaporous oil, and
an acid similar to saponin. Powdered bayberry root is useful as a bowel astringent in the
treatment of diarrhea and colitis, a soothing and helpful gargle for the common cold or a
sore throat , and as a douche in the treatment of leukorrhea, an abnormal white or yellow
mucoid discharge from the vagina or cervix. In the Herbal Materia Medica, bayberry root
bark is classified as an astringent, a circulatory stimulant, as well as a diaphoretic, a
remedy which dilates superficial capillaries and induces perspiration, sometimes used to
berries when boiled in water, produce myrtle wax, which is composed of stearic, palmitic,
myristic, and oleaic acids. This is used in making bayberry-scented soaps and bayberry
candles, which are fragrant, more brittle than bees' wax candles, and are virtually
smokeless. Four pounds of berries produce approximately one pound of wax. A briskly
stimulating shaving cream was also made from this bayberry wax.
wax's modern medicinal uses were first discovered and came into use in 1722, and included
the making of surgeon's soap plasters. The water that the berries were boiled in during
wax-extraction, when boiled down to an extract, has been used in the North Country of
England and Scotland for centuries as a treatment for dysentery.
properties are also attributed to bayberry wax.
A Modern Herbal, that the leaves of English bog myrtle were commonly used in France to
induce both menstruation and abortion, it's strong astringent properties make it a
dangerous herb for pregnant women.
China, bayberry leaves are infused to make a tea which is used both to relieve stomach
problems, and as a cordial, which is a stimulating medicine or drink.
mouthwash particularly useful in inhibiting halitosis can be made from either the powdered
root or leaves.
bark has traditionally been used to tan leather and dye wool.
branches have been used in lieu of hops in the fermentation of gale beer, popular in
northern England, and reported to have more than the usual "thirst-quenching"
can be ground to use as spice, or added to broths.
the West Indies, Pimenta acris, commonly called wild cinnamon or bayberry, is used in
making both bay rum and oil of bayberry.
Brazilian species, Tabocas combicurdo, is described in A Modern Herbal as a